Πέμπτη, 23 Δεκεμβρίου 2010

The Future of Cities 2011. Centres of innovation for urban solutions

Συνέδριο για τα προβλήματα των πόλεων
28 February - 1 March 2011 | Chatham House, London

Οι πόλεις αντιμετωπίζουν πολλές προκλήσεις - οικονομικές, κλιματικές, διαχείρισης πόρων ,  υποδομών και τη δημογραφική. Ως κέντρα καινοτομίας, μπορούν να παράγουν τις λύσεις που χρειάζονται για την αντιμετώπισή τους;

Δεδομένου ότι το μεγαλύτερο μέρος του παγκόσμιου πληθυσμού θα είναι σε ταχέως αναπτυσσόμενες μεγάλες αστικές περιοχές μέχρι το 2050,υποχρεώνει τις αρχές των πόλεων σε νέους τρόπους σκέψης.

Στη συζήτηση θα τεθούν θέματα όπως
- Πώς καινοτόμες ενέργειες
των πόλεων μπορούν να αξιοποιηθούν για το  βελτίωση των αστικών πολιτικών  ;
- Μπορούν οι  εθνικές κυβερνητικές πολιτικές  - στην οικονομία, την ενέργεια, τις μεταφορές και τη μετανάστευση - να ευθυγραμισθούν με τις ανάγκες των πόλεων; Αν όχι, θα πρέπει τα κέντρα λήψης αποφάσεων  να ανακατανεμηθούν;
- Ποια θέματα μπορούν να αντιμετωπιστούν καλύτερα σε επίπεδο πόλης;
- Τι φορολογικές και δημοσιονομικές εξουσίες θα πρέπει να έχουν οι πόλεις;

 AGENDA

Day One: Monday 28 February

Session One
Governance: the ideal and the reality

• What are, and should be, the governance relationships between national, regional and city governments? Which are the most crucial areas for large urban areas to be able to act independently of national governments? Where can cities lead on policy?
• As urban growth increasingly occurs in mega-regions or 'corridors', is a new governance mechanism needed between municipal areas?
• Which are the good models and what is best practice in city governance? What are the tensions between short-term electoral gain and long-term planning?
• Do cities have the fiscal and financial powers they need? What kinds of tax work best for urban areas?

Session Two
Planning for and Harnessing Urban Populations

Cities are subject to demographic change, sometimes unpredictable and dramatic. How effectively can cities plan for demographic change? What powers do they have to work with their populations strategically?
• To what extent can cities harness their demographic profiles?
• What are the links between immigration and urban economic growth?
• Do urban governments have the capacity and resources to plan for sudden, large-scale climate or political migration?
• How is population decline best managed?
• Is strategic planning for social cohesion effective?
• Liveability is on the agenda in cities because it attracts investment, but how far does this drill down?
Lunch

Session Three
Urban Planning for Sustainable Infrastructure and Mobility

Compact cities with zero emissions transport systems and renewable energy supplies: how far are metropolitan areas from achieving this ideal vision? To what extent are cities able to lead where governments do not?
• Are national government policies sufficiently targeted at urban solutions to meet national emissions and sustainability goals?
• How can short-term political horizons be reconciled with the long-term planning necessary for urban infrastructure projects?
• To what extent are cities' economic and political boundaries aligned?
• Can lessons learnt from existing low or zero carbon cities be adapted for big and megacities?
• In all urban areas, now is the time to 'lock in' low carbon development. How can this be achieved, particularly to scale?
• What are the real prospects for integrating alternative energy use into cities in the foreseeable future?
• What steps are being taken to achieve a successful urban mobility culture?
• The growth of privately owned cities
• How can cities achieve resource security - food, water, power? What are the links between food security and governance?

Day Two: Tuesday 1 March

Session Four
Economic Strategy

In a fast-changing global economy, cities are thinking strategically about their economies.
• Do cities have the fiscal and financial powers that they need?
• What do cities need from national governments to support their economic development? Can governments better harness cities to drive economic recovery?
• Many metropolitan areas aim to boost their economies through specializations. What co-operation with national governments, and with other governments and cities, is needed?
• How will urban governments respond to resources that have been diminished by financial crisis?
• Cities compete to attract foreign direct investment. How effective is this in sustaining cities' economies in the long term? What are the alternatives?
• Are major events effective in boosting city economies in the long term?

Finance and investment panel

• Which features of city governance are key to attracting public and private investment?
• Do cities have the capacity to get the best out of doing business with financial institutions?
• What innovative financing mechanisms are cities using to fund essential infrastructure?

Session Five
Leading Cities into the Next Global Era

High Level Roundtable• The role of metropolitan area leadership in addressing challenges
• What powers do metropolitan leaders need to meet these challenges? What are the best governance structures for cities?
• It has been shown that leadership is crucial to economic growth in cities. But in order to sustain change, leaders also need to build political consensus and create a culture of entrepreneurial policymaking. How important are creativity and innovation to leadership?
• How can business contribute to tackling these challenges? Are there opportunities for co-operation, or does the shareholder model preclude this?

Περισσότερα στο :http://www.chathamhouse.org.uk/cities2011/

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